Population research is a scientific inquiry aimed at understanding the population dynamics for the size, structure, growth, distribution, and dispersal of a population. In contrast, the family planning research inquires upon contraception, side effect, follow-up, etc.
Reproductive health encompasses issues like maternal health, adolescent health, antenatal, postnatal, and delivery care. Child health includes, among others, nutrition, growth monitoring, breast-feeding, immunization, diarrhoeal diseases, etc.
Examples of Population Research
Example #1: (Population dynamics)
Kabir et al. (1997), utilizing the data from various sources, examined the prospect for stabilization of the Bangladesh population under alternative demographic scenarios.
They further discussed opportunities for achieving zero population growth vis a vis NRR=1 by the end of 2010. Based on their findings, they concluded that if the fertility target could be completed as envisaged, the Bangladesh population would be more or less stable by 2050.
Example #2: (Population/Demography)
While substantial fertility decline has started to take place in other countries of the South Asian region, Bangladesh has shown only a slight decrease in the prevailing high fertility rates.
Several demographers, economists, and sociologists have emphasized the role of demand for children as an essential source of change in the reproductive behavior of individuals (Bulatao, 1981; Pullum, 1983; Bulatao and Lee, 1983; Pritchett, 1994).
About Bangladesh, many social scientists believe that demand for children is still high, which is keeping the fertility levels high; that is, couples prefer to have more children.
It is thus imperative to have an insight into the fertility preferences maintained by the people that are considered to have an essential bearing on the fertility outcomes and contraceptive use behavior.
Example #3: (Family Planning)
Duston and Miller (1995) initiated research to ascertain how to improve community-based family planning services and the potentials for increasing contraceptive prevalence in Bangladesh.
The specific objectives of the study were to investigate the degree to which improved service delivery in Bangladesh can increase contraceptive use given the present status of demand, and programmatic factors most associated with increased prevalence and make these projects viable and more widely known.
National Institute of Population Research and Training (NIPORT), under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt, of Bangladesh every year, contacts out some studies encompassing health, nutrition, family planning, and reproductive health. In a recent search of priority research, NIPORT identified a few areas and prepared a list to execute the studies in 2017-18.