Education research refers to a variety of methods in which individuals evaluate different aspects of education, including learning of students, teaching methods, training of teachers, and classroom dynamics. Education researchers have come to the consensus that educational research must be conducted rigorously and systematically, although what this implies is often debated.
There are a variety of disciplines that pertains to educational research. These include, among others, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and philosophy. The overlap in subjects creates a broad range from which methodology can be drawn.
The findings of educational research also need to be interpreted within the context in which they were discovered as they may not be applicable every time or in every place.
Education Research Example
Here is an example that illustrates what education research is.
For her Ph.D. degree from the University of Dhaka, Salma Nargis (2013) designed a study with the broad objective of the possibility of introducing curriculum and syllabi for moral education in Bangladesh at the primary level. In doing so, she presented the background of her research as follows:
The present world is gradually recognizing the significance of moral and ethical education.
People are now facing a great moral crisis. To set our society free from this catastrophe, it is essential to rekindle conscience and awareness of morality in human behavior. Rousing moral consciousness, in the real sense of the word, is not possible in a day.
It needs to be put into continuous practices. This can be accomplished if children are given proper education in a planned way from the very beginning. In this case, moral education should remain an inevitable part of the syllabi, textbooks, and academic plan of the primary level education system.
Teaching some grave, epigrammatic, and didactic lines will not lead us to the desired goal. Ethics should be implanted in the hearts and minds of the children in a way that their future lifestyle and approach may reflect the ethical practice spontaneously.
For this, the education system should be restructured to achieve long-term and ultimate success in this matter. Significant research should be done on the basis of short-term and long-term planning.
The stream of knowledge should flow in such a direction that children can get the correct guidelines. The moral instructions should be specific and practical.
A child should achieve the ability to choose by him, the precise step, or the process at the right time. This will be possible if the education system is organized on the basis of sufficient research.
This research is expected to contribute to inventing the procedure of teaching ethics and in introducing a specific system in the primary level of education for developing child personality.
If moral education can be successfully included in the curriculum is exercised in the educational institutions of Bangladesh, the students will be able to build their future with the strength of morality.
A morally enlightened future generation will build an ethically aware nation that ultimately will work as a force for the rise of a purely liberal grand society.
This research will not only work as a guide for the policymakers and planners of the primary level education system but also for the teachers and scholars related to the central education system and thus will ensure progress and development in the education system as a whole.