Occupational Therapy vs. Physical Therapy: What to Know?

Occupational Therapy vs. Physical Therapy: What to Know?Both occupational and physical therapy help in improving and maintaining the life of an individual. Many people think that both of these terms are 100% the same, however, there are some differences in their scope. As physical therapy can be a bit expensive for some, most physiotherapists avail of physical therapy billing services to ensure exceptional care to their patients while billing them accurately.

Before knowing the similarities between occupational and physical therapy, it’s important to know the differences first. Read on!

What is Physical Therapy?

Physical therapy is focused on improving the movement and strength of individuals and, therefore, enhancing their quality of life overall.

Most people need a physical therapist after an injury or even to get well on their own without having to undergo surgery. A physical therapist may use a variety of techniques to get their patient’s mobility and wellness back, such as stretches, massages, electrical stimulation, hands-on manipulation, or exercises.

For instance, if a person had spinal cord surgery, a physical therapist can help their body become stable again and fasten the recovery process while alleviating their pain. Moreover, they will also make sure that their current condition doesn’t get any worse.

Physical therapy can also be used for recovery after a heart attack, recovery from lung conditions, joint conditions, and even neurological conditions.

What is Occupational Therapy?

Most people think occupational therapy has to deal with one’s “occupation” or “career”, however, this is really not the case.

Occupational therapy is related to improving the fine motor skills of an individual to help them perform their day-to-day simple and basic tasks independently. It also involves educating their family (caregivers) to be more understanding and supportive of the patient’s condition.

For example, occupational therapy can help an individual learn or relearn how to brush their teeth, dress up, take a bath, write, or have a meal. They also focus on making their daily tasks more convenient for them.

In addition to this, an individual can also be instructed on using certain assistive devices, such as walkers or wheelchairs, to improve their quality of life.

Along with all the physical tasks, an occupational therapist is also involved in giving support to an individual in relation to their mental health and teaching them different strategies in order to cope with stress and anxiety.

An individual may need occupational therapy with developmental and psychological conditions like autism spectrum disorder, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, and intellectual disorders. Although, occupational therapy can also be used for recovery after a surgery or an injury or for joint and hand conditions.

Similarities between Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy

Regardless of the differences, occupational and physical therapy have quite a lot in common. Both of them have similar goals as they are geared towards improving one’s health and life.

Both therapists make a personalized treatment plan which has a goal and during the entire process, the condition and performance of the patient are monitored.

Moreover, both occupational and physical therapists provide their services in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, and they may also provide personal services in patients’ homes.

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